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Why Orbitals Hybridization

 

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link to ==>Determining Hybridization in Lewis Dot Structure

 

Why do orbitals hybridize?

I like refer to this a socialism of the orbitals. The energy of the 4 orbitals are combined and redistributed to make them all equal energy orbitals now referred to a sp3. It was formed by 1 s and 3 p orbitals, hence sp3. In the example below, carbon can now form 4 equal bonds with hydrogen.

Below is an sp2 hybridization. An s and 2 p orbitals are combined and redistributed.

Note one of the p orbitals (which should be shown) has not changed, while the 2s and 2 of the 2p's have hybridized.

sp Hybridization requires an s and a p orbital to hybridize leaving 2p orbitals at the original energy.

link to ==>Determining Hybridization in Lewis Dot Structure

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