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Organic Acids


What are organic acids?

An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties. The most common organic acids are the carboxylic acids whose acidity is associated with their carboxyl group -COOH.

Nomenclature-carboxylic acids have an -oic acid suffix (e.g. octadecanoic acid)

Examples- to see the names highlight name left of the structure

Name Condensed Structure
methanoic acid HCOOH
ethanoic acid CH3COOH
propanoic acid CH3CH2COOH
pentanoic acid C4H9COOH
nonanoic acid C8H17COOH


Name Expanded Structure
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
propanoic acid

on to Aldehydes

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