Base your answers to questions 81 through 85 on the information below
and on your knowledge of chemistry.
industry, ethanol is primarily produced by two different reactions. One
process involves the reaction of glucose in the presence of an enzyme
that acts as a catalyst. The equation below represents this reaction.
In another reaction, ethanol is
produced from ethene and water. The equation below represents this
reaction in which H2SO4 is a catalyst.
Industrial ethanol can be oxidized
using a catalyst to produce ethanal. The equation representing this
oxidation is shown below.
81 Identify the element that causes
the reactant in equation 1 to be classified as an organic compound. 
82 Identify the type of organic
reaction represented by equation 1. 
83 Explain why the hydrocarbon in
equation 2 is unsaturated. 
|Answer--> not all single
There is a double
carbon-carbon bond in an ethene molecule.
84 Explain, in terms of
intermolecular forces, why ethanol has a much higher boiling point
than ethene, at standard pressure. 
|Answer--> IMF for ethanol is
85 Draw a structural formula for
the organic product in equation 3.